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Kaylyn Groves
E-News for ARL Directors

October 2011 E-News

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In This Issue

E-News for ARL Directors is a monthly publication highlighting the latest news and developments of interest to research library leaders. News from the ARL community and from the field calls attention to issues of strategic importance.

E-News is a collaboration of ARL program staff, compiled and edited by Charles Lowry and Kaylyn Groves.

ARL Governance & Membership

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ARL, CNI, SPARC Strategic Actions

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Law & Policy

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From the Field

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ARL Membership Convenes, Elects New Board Members

ARL President Carol A. Mandel (New York) convened the 159th ARL Membership Meeting October 12–13 in Washington, DC. At the meeting, 114 ARL member library representatives participated in sessions about digital research collections and orphan works. R. Michael Tanner, Vice President and Chief Academic Officer, Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, presented the luncheon keynote speech.

At the ARL Business Meeting on October 13, member library representatives ratified the ARL Board of Directors' election of Wendy Pradt Lougee (Minnesota) as ARL Vice President/President-Elect and elected three new Board members: Joan Giesecke (Nebraska–Lincoln), Judith Russell (Florida), and Jay Schafer (Massachusetts Amherst). Members also approved the proposed ARL dues for 2012. Committee chairs provided progress reports and members received outlines of current activities and projects in five ARL program areas: Public Policies; Scholarly Communication; Transforming Research Libraries; Diversity and Leadership; and Statistics and Assessment. Member representatives may download the progress reports from the members-only section of the ARL website.

At the conclusion of the Business Meeting, Carol A. Mandel presented the gavel to Winston Tabb (Johns Hopkins), who began his term as ARL President. For more information, contact Sue Baughman.

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ARL Membership Meeting, ARL-CNI Forum Slides Available Online

Speakers' slides from the October ARL Membership Meeting and ARL-CNI Forum, "21st-Century Collections and the Urgency of Collaboration," are now available on the ARL website. The audio recordings of the presentations will be added by early November. To view/download the slides, visit the proceedings sites for the Membership Meeting and the ARL-CNI Forum.

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Save the Dates: ARL Membership Meetings Scheduled for 2012

Dates are set for the 2012 ARL Membership Meetings: May 1–4 in Chicago, Illinois, and October 9–12 in Washington, DC. View a complete calendar of future Membership Meeting dates.

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ARL Releases Statement on USGPO Decisions Concerning FDLP

On October 12, ARL released the "ARL Statement on Recent USGPO Decisions Concerning the FDLP." In the statement, ARL called upon the US Government Printing Office (GPO) to reverse its recent, troubling decisions concerning the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) and approve the multi-state regional proposal between the State Library of Michigan and the University of Minnesota Libraries and the ASERL project, "Guidelines for Managing FDLP Collections in the Southeast Region." ARL noted that these types of collaborations are essential to the success of the FDLP both now and in the future. GWLA, ASERL, and CIC issued statements in support of ARL's statement. In addition, 31 regional document coordinators sent a letter to GPO asking that the agency change course and reconsider these proposals and more. On October 21, ASERL replied to recent GPO letters and requested a meeting with the Superintendent of Documents.

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ARL Joins in Letter to US Congress in Support of International Education

ARL joined others in the Coalition for International Education (CIE) in a letter to members of the US Senate and US House of Representatives Appropriations Committees in support of the Department of Education international programs. These programs were cut by $50 million, or 40%, in the FY 2011 Continuing Resolution. CIE called upon appropriators to spare the programs further reductions given how vital they are to achieving US foreign policy, security, and competitiveness. View/download the letter.

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ARL Joins in Comments on Federal Rulemaking Process

ARL joined the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and in comments to the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS) on issues concerning incorporation by reference. During rulemaking procedures, federal agencies may rely upon standards developed by standard setting bodies and communities of practice. For many reasons, agencies refer to these standards but do not include the full text of the standards in Federal Register requests for notice and comment and, eventually, the Code of Federal Regulations. As a result, those interested in commenting on a particular regulation may not have access to the relevant standard, particularly if it is copyrighted or only accessible for a fee, thus individuals cannot effectively participate in the rulemaking process. ACUS is requesting comments on its report, "Incorporation by Reference in Federal Regulations." As the ARL/EFF comments noted: "a primary goal of a federal agency generally—and any recommendations regarding incorporation by reference, more specifically—should be to increase transparency in government regulations and to increase the broad, public availability of the law. Unfortunately, the incorporation by reference of copyrighted material into federal regulations can have the opposite effect, limiting public access to the law in the name of copyright protection. Standards organizations can use their purported copyrights to demand hefty fees for access to essential regulatory materials, such as standards, data, or techniques, and limit the public's ability to use those materials. Such limits are both antithetical to our democratic principles and sadly ironic, given that new technologies could make it easier than ever for the public to inspect the laws that affect them in innumerable ways." Read the full comments online.

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RLLF Fellows Attend ARL Membership Meeting

Sixteen ARL Research Library Leadership Fellows (RLLF) attended the October ARL Membership Meeting in Washington, DC. Each fellow was paired with an ARL member library director who served as host and guide to the meeting. In addition, the cohort of fellows convened to follow up on their discussion of research projects begun at the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in September. Donald J. Waters, Mellon Foundation Program Officer for Scholarly Communications and Information Technology, joined this conversation and identified several key topics that correlate to the foundation's priorities.

The fellows also met with Brandon Butler, ARL Director of Public Policy Initiatives, to review current copyright issues, especially legislative initiatives and cases under litigation. Butler provided a status report on the development of a code of best practices in fair use, a project funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. He noted how he and other ARL resources could be deployed to help member libraries deal with copyright issues.

This week the 2011–12 class of fellows is in Vancouver for a five-day institute at the University of British Columbia hosted by University Librarian Ingrid Parent. This is the second of three institutes scheduled for the two-year program. The first was at the University of North Carolina earlier this year and the third institute will be hosted by the University of Miami in 2012.

For more information, visit the RLLF program website.

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ARL Annual Statistical Surveys Update

The status of the annual ARL statistical surveys is as follows:

  • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2010–2011: Final tables available on the ARL website; PDF of publication in production.
  • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2011–2012: Mailing posted on the ARL website and distributed electronically.
  • ARL Statistics, Academic Health Sciences Statistics, Academic Law Statistics 2009–2010: Data are being compiled.
  • ARL Library Investment Index 2009–2010: Excel file online.
  • ARL Supplementary Statistics 2009–2010: Data are closed and available only to member libraries via
  • All data are readily accessible via the "Analytics" tab and "Data Repository" link at (login required; your library's primary ARL Statistics contact can approve your access to the system). New feature: The site's directory of ARL Statistics contacts at member libraries is being enhanced to include links to key institutional information, such as organizational charts and strategic plans.

The ARL Statistics and Assessment Committee discussed recommendations from four subgroups on the future revisions to the annual surveys; Bill Potter (Georgia) and chair of the group provided an update at the October ARL Membership Meeting. A Survey Coordinators meeting is scheduled for Friday, January 20, 2:30–4:00 p.m., in Dallas, Texas. For more information about the annual surveys, contact Martha Kyrillidou.

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Subcultures and Values in Academic Libraries—What Does ClimateQUAL® Research Tell Us?

ClimateQUAL logo (old)

At the Northumbria Conference on Performance Measurement held in the UK in August, ARL Executive Director Charles B. Lowry presented the results of initial research using ClimateQUAL® data that points to staff subcultures in different organizational units within academic libraries. Although this is a new area of study, Lowry is hopeful that "it may be used to achieve a key goal that underlies the use of ClimateQUAL®—improvement of the health of the organization, which will have a positive impact on the service that it provides." View/download the complete paper.

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CNI Conversations Cover Internet2, TPDL, ARL-CNI Forum, eBird, Net Gen

In the October 14 CNI Conversations podcast, CNI director Clifford Lynch reports on several recent conferences, including the Internet2 fall meeting, Theory & Practice of Digital Libraries (formerly ECDL), the ARL-CNI Fall Forum on 21st-century collections, and Steve Kelling's plenary presentation at ASIS&T on the eBird global tool. CNI's associate director Joan Lippincott discusses the Net Gen and generational differences in the use of technology, as well as the importance of assessment as a tool for understanding your user community. Listen to the podcast.

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Open Access Week 2011 Promotes OA Worldwide

The fifth annual Open Access Week celebrating the global movement towards open access (OA) to research and scholarship concluded on October 30. Coordinated by SPARC and organized by more than 2,000 advocates in countries around the world, the event provided an opportunity to learn about the benefits of open access, share new ideas and strategies, and inspire wider participation in establishing open access as the norm in scholarly communication. Check out Open Access Week blog posts and photos for inspiration.

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"SOPA" IP Enforcement Bill Introduced in US House, Could Lead to Criminal Liability for Libraries

Last week Chairman Lamar Smith (R-TX and Chair, Committee on the Judiciary) introduced in the US House of Representatives the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), a bill that could raise significant new risks of liability for research libraries. SOPA is the House version of two bills already pending in the Senate, but early analysis suggests SOPA is significantly worse than the already-controversial Senate bills. The first part of SOPA addresses so-called "rogue sites," creating new enforcement powers for copyright holders and prosecutors, allowing them to attack alleged "pirate" sites in ways that may violate the First Amendment and undermine the safe harbors in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. More troubling, though, is the second part of SOPA, which expands significantly the liability associated with streaming video online. Where the Senate bill would have required a commercial or financial motive to trigger criminal prosecution for streaming, the House version could apply to non-profit institutions that use video streaming for educational purposes. The Library Copyright Alliance is preparing a letter to Representative Smith expressing concerns about the bill.

For more information, see:

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US Appropriations Update for FY 2012

The US Congress has yet to approve any of the FY 2012 annual appropriations bills even though the US government's fiscal year began on October 1. The continuing resolution—a stopgap measure to fund the US government until all 12 appropriations bill are passed—runs out on November 18. The US Senate is working on a "minibus" package of 3 of the 12 appropriations measures and is expected to vote on the minibus bill by November 1. Other minibus packages may follow. If the US Senate is unable to pass all minibus packages, other options include passing one omnibus bill that would include all 12 appropriations bills; passing another continuing resolution to fund the federal government through FY 2012; or passing a series of short-term continuing resolutions, each with deep budgetary reductions.

The Senate Appropriations Committee released draft text of the FY 2012 Interior Appropriations bill that includes funding for the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). In a significant departure from the FY 2012 appropriations bill approved by the US House of Representatives, the Senate Appropriations Committee calls for funding NEH at $155 million in FY 2012, $20 million more than approved by the US House of Representatives. The Senate Appropriations Committee has yet to vote on this draft bill.

For more information about appropriations, contact Prue Adler.

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Obama Administration Releases Open Government Status Report

In September, the Obama administration released an Open Government Status Report that provides additional information on a series of changes that are underway within the Executive Branch to make the federal government more open and transparent. The report focuses on the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), the Open Government Directive,, spending transparency, White House transparency, and efforts to limit the use of security restrictions to keep information secret. Importantly, the report acknowledges that the administration has more work ahead in order to meet the level of openness to which the President has committed. View the report on the White House website.

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U Pitt Libraries, Public Knowledge Project to Partner in Open Software Development

The University of Pittsburgh Library System and the Public Knowledge Project (PKP) have entered into a major partnership to further develop the PKP open source software suite: Open Journal Systems (OJS), Open Conference Systems, and Open Harvester System, with Open Monograph Press due for release next year. The University Library System sponsors a free open-access journal publishing service for partners worldwide using OJS as part of its D-Scribe digital publishing services. For further information, see Pitt's University Times article on the partnership.

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Grant to arXiv Will Help Create Self-Sustaining Governance Model

Cornell University Library is taking a major step toward building a permanent governance model for arXiv, the free scientific pre-publication repository, thanks to a $60,000 planning grant from the Simons Foundation. The grant will support the development of a governance model that will guide the online repository's transition from interim to long-term governance. The repository now boasts 700,000 "preprint" articles, a million downloads a week, and hundreds of thousands of contributors. For more details about the development process, see the Cornell news release.

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Patient-Advocacy Groups Turn to Open Access Publishing

Pat Furlong founded Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD) in 1995 to link families, like hers, affected by muscular dystrophy with both resources and hope. Now Furlong has blazed a new trail in the fight to end the disease. She has spearheaded a partnership between PPMD and the Public Library of Science (PLoS) to launch an open access publication, PLoS Currents: Muscular Dystrophy. For more details, see the Alliance for Taxpayer Access news release.

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Keepers Registry for E-Journal Archiving Released in Beta

EDINA and the ISSN International Centre have announced the beta release of the Keepers Registry, an e-journals preservation registry service. The Keepers Registry renames and replaces the PEPRS Beta service, launched in April 2011. Keepers is the result of a JISC–funded project and provides freely available means to discover which e-journals are being preserved by the leading archival organizations. Metadata from the HathiTrust, has been included in this release of the Keepers Registry. Other archiving agencies participating in Keepers include the British Library, CLOCKSS, e-Depot at the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, LOCKSS, and Portico. Visit the Keepers Registry website to try the beta version.

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DIY Libraries? Ubiquitous Librarian Spots Trend Inspired by LibQUAL+® Findings

LibQUAL+® logo

On his Ubiquitous Librarian blog, Brian Mathews cites a dozen examples of new do-it-yourself services in libraries. He notes that LibQUAL+® survey data generally show that users want librarians to enable them to help themselves more, and he speculates that these services are evidence of a trend in that direction. Read the full blog entry.

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COUNTER to Brief International Advisory Board at Charleston Conference

Project COUNTER plans to brief its International Advisory Board (IAB) at the Charleston Conference to be held November 2–5 in Charleston, South Carolina. The briefing is designed to bring IAB members up to date with progress on COUNTER, to provide information on forthcoming plans, and to give IAB members an opportunity to comment and ask questions about current and future activities. The meeting will focus on a presentation and discussion of the new features included in the draft Release 4 of the COUNTER Code of Practice. Also to be discussed are potential new metrics derived from COUNTER usage statistics, specifically development of a usage factor and work on individual article usage (PIRUS project). For more information, contact Project COUNTER Director Peter Shepherd.

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HBCUs Explore Strategic Assessment of Library Services, LibQUAL+®

The Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Library Alliance's Leadership Program presented a two-day seminar on value-driven approaches to measuring library performance on October 24–25 in Atlanta. Sixty representatives from HBCU institutions participated in the event. Consuella Askew, Associate Dean for Public Services at Florida International University, presented on the value and purpose of user assessment in libraries and ARL's Martha Kyrillidou introduced LibQUAL+® to the group and discussed survey implementation issues. Representatives from HBCU institutions that have participated in LibQUAL+® discussed their experiences as well. The seminar was funded by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to the HBCU Library Alliance Leadership Program. The grant also enabled provision of $7,500 mini-grants to support implementation of LibQUAL+® at four to six HBCU libraries. For more information about this seminar, contact Martha Kyrillidou.

The HBCU Library Alliance has also updated its State of Libraries report. This update includes current information and data about HBCU libraries, and contributes to the understanding of the current HBCU library environment. The statistical study uses data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics through its biennial Academic Libraries Survey to describe levels of support for and services from HBCU libraries. In addition, the report compares HBCUs to other peer academic libraries within the US, and provides a baseline for future comparison of HBCU and non–HBCU institutions. View/download the State of Libraries at HBCUs report.

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Bowker Launches International E-Book Monitor

Bowker, through BML Bowker in the UK, plans to launch a study to assess and track device adoption, attitudes, and purchasing habits of e-book consumers in Europe, Asia, Australia, and North and South America. The project, commencing in January 2012 and repeating annually, aims to enable comparisons between e-book markets in countries experiencing different growth patterns and to provide a wide range of qualitative and quantitative data. The study will survey consumers from the UK, US, Germany, France, Spain, India, Australia, Brazil, South Korea, and Japan. The E-Book Monitor will be supported by international publishing industry participants, who will have an opportunity to collaborate on the creation of the survey instrument and on the interpretation of the results. For more information, see the Bowker press release.

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Synergy: News from ARL Diversity Programs Focuses on Research and Data Services

The latest issue of Synergy features three articles by former ARL diversity program participants. With a broad focus on research, the authors explore: data management curation, specifically for health sciences libraries; community-based, participatory, health sciences research and roles for librarians; and data services in a research library environment. View/download this issue of Synergy.

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Digital Preservation, SPEC Kit 325, Published by ARL

ARL SPEC Kit 325, Digital Preservation, explores the strategies that ARL member libraries use to protect evolving research collections and examines the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders. The SPEC survey included questions about the libraries' digital content; their strategies for preserving that content; and the staff, time, and funding they currently devote to digital preservation. For information about ordering this SPEC Kit and to view/download the table of contents and executive summary, see the ARL press release.

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OCLC Research Releases Part 1 of Study of Social Metadata for Libraries, Archives, Museums

OCLC Research has released a report that provides an overview of social metadata to enable cultural heritage institutions to better utilize their users' expertise and enrich their descriptive metadata to improve their users' experiences. The report, Social Metadata for Libraries, Archives, and Museums, Part 1: Site Reviews, includes an environmental scan of 76 social metadata sites and a detailed review of 24 representative sites. This is the first of three OCLC Research reports about social metadata. The second report will provide an analysis of the results from a survey of site managers, and the third report will provide recommendations on social metadata features most relevant to libraries, archives, and museums as well as the factors contributing to success. For more details and to download the report, see the OCLC Research press release.

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Diversity Resources Blog Launched at U Minnesota

Jody Gray, Diversity Outreach Librarian at the University of Minnesota, has started a new blog, Diversity Resources for Academic Libraries. The blog is intended for sharing tools, resources, and insights, especially for those in academic libraries who are responsible for creating and developing diversity plans. The blog links to numerous resources, including tools for conducting environmental scans, diversity plans of many ARL libraries, and related policies of professional associations. Visit the Diversity Resources blog.

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Guide for Tribal Libraries, Archives, Museums Published by Scarecrow

Scarecrow Press has published a collection of articles that provide guidance to libraries, archives, and museums serving tribal communities. With their unique commitments to tribal protocols and expressions of tribal lifeways, these organizations document and preserve the cultural heritage of native/indigenous communities. The book, Tribal Libraries, Archives, and Museums: Preserving our Language, Memory, and Lifeways, features articles by librarians affiliated with the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Boston College. Former ARL Career Enhancement (CEP) Fellow, Anjali Bhasin, served as one of the book's editors. For more information, visit the Scarecrow Press catalog.

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Call to Action: Sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access by Nov. 9

Berlin 9

University and college presidents, chancellors, and provosts, as well as the directors of museums, archives, and nonprofit organizations, are encouraged to sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access before the Berlin 9 Conference convenes on Wednesday, November 9. Over 300 leading international research, scientific, and cultural institutions from around the world have signed the declaration. However, the number of signatures from US and Canadian institutions remains quite small. In anticipation of the conference, please consider recruiting signatures to the declaration. For more details and to sign, see the Berlin 9 Call to Action.

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SPARC Open Access Conference 2012: Registration Now Open

Librarians, publishers, analysts, scholars, and technologists from five countries will help shape the SPARC Open Access Meeting to be held March 11–13, 2012, in Kansas City. The conference will provide a forum for discussion of the many threads of the global open access movement, with an emphasis on how communities can continue to effectively collaborate and take action to make open access the norm for the communication of scholarship and research. Register by January 15 to receive an early-bird discount. For more details and to register, visit the SPARC Open Access Meeting website.

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Deanna Marcum
Deanna Marcum


ARL Transitions

Library of Congress: Deanna Marcum announced her retirement as Associate Librarian for Library Services, effective December 31, 2011. She has served as Associate Librarian since 2003.

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SPARC Transitions

SPARC Europe: Lars Bjørnshauge was appointed Interim Director, effective October 19, 2011. He was formerly Director of Libraries at Lund University in Sweden and a long-standing member of the SPARC Europe Board. For more details, see the SPARC news release.

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Sul Lee was honored by the University of Oklahoma (OU) during its annual Ring Ceremony on October 21 for his "outstanding leadership of the library system for more than 30 years." He also was selected to serve as parade marshal for the OU Homecoming Parade on October 22. For more details, including many of Lee's accomplishments, see the OU press release.

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Jan Merrill-Oldham, 1947–2011

Jan Merrill-Oldham
Jan Merrill-Oldham

Jan Merrill-Oldham died peacefully at her home in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on October 5, 2011, at the age of 64. As the Malloy-Rabinowitz Preservation Librarian at Harvard University, she directed the Weissman Preservation Center in the Harvard University Library and the Preservation & Imaging Services Department in the Harvard College Library from 1995 to 2010. Prior to her work at Harvard, she established the University of Connecticut Libraries' Preservation Department. While at Connecticut and Harvard, Merrill-Oldham served as a consultant to the ARL Preservation of Research Libraries Materials Committee for 15 years, helping to shape a preservation agenda for ARL and guiding the development of standards for mature preservation programs in ARL libraries. She was a leader in the preservation profession and trained many of the preservation administrators now in ARL libraries. In 2002, ARL honored Merrill-Oldham for her service to research libraries.

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Charles B. Lowry
Executive Director

Kaylyn Groves
Communications Program Officer

Association of Research Libraries
21 Dupont Circle
Washington, DC 20036
voice: (202) 296-2296
fax: (202) 872-0884

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