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Kaylyn Groves
E-News for ARL Directors

July–August 2011 E-News

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In This Issue

E-News for ARL Directors is a monthly publication highlighting the latest news and developments of interest to research library leaders. With this issue, we have reorganized the E-News. News from the ARL community and from the field calls attention to issues of strategic importance. Feedback on this new format is welcomed. Please send comments to Kaylyn Groves.

E-News is a collaboration of ARL program staff, compiled and edited by Charles Lowry and Kaylyn Groves.

ARL Governance & Membership

Upcoming Events

ARL Board & Membership Meetings
October 11–13
Washington, DC

ARL-CNI Fall Forum on 21st-Century Collections
October 13–14
Washington, DC

Berlin 9 Open Access Conference
November 9–10
Washington, DC

International Digital Curation Conference
December 5–7
Bristol, UK

CNI Membership Meeting
December 12–13
Arlington, Virginia

[View our complete calendar]

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ARL, CNI, SPARC Strategic Actions

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Law & Policy

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From the Field

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ARL Board Meets July 27–28, Takes Action

The ARL Board of Directors convened in Washington, DC, at the end of July to consider ARL’s financial strategy for 2012 and to conduct other business of the Association. The Board voted unanimously to recommend to the Membership a dues increase of $657 (2.7%) per member. Member representatives will vote on the proposed dues increase at the October 2011 Membership Meeting. Other actions of the Board included endorsement of:

  • an RFP for ARL to use in selecting an agent to represent ARL member libraries in e-book licensing negotiations as a first venture into the licensing arena
  • a recommendation from the Diversity and Leadership Committee to continue the strong Research Library Leadership Fellows program

For more information about the Board actions, contact Sue Baughman.

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ARL Membership to Meet Oct. 12–13: RSVP by Sept. 16

The 159th ARL Membership Meeting, themed “Expanding Capacity and Partnerships in the Digital World,” will convene at the Mayflower Renaissance Hotel in Washington, DC, on Wednesday, October 12, at 3:30 p.m. The Business Meeting will be held on Thursday, October 13, 8:30–10:30 a.m. ARL member representatives and invited guests are asked to RSVP to ARL and reserve hotel rooms by September 16. For details—including a preliminary schedule— and to RSVP, visit the meeting website.

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ARL + CNI logos


ARL-CNI Forum on 21st-Century Collections to Convene Oct. 13–14

ARL and CNI will co-host a forum on “21st-Century Collections and the Urgency of Collaborative Action” on October 13–14 in Washington, DC, immediately following the ARL Membership Meeting. The forum is open to all. Details for the forum are in the planning stage. For preliminary information about the program and to register, see the forum website.

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Berlin 9 Open Access Conference to Highlight Innovation, Transforming Discovery, Citizen Science

The program for the international Berlin 9 Open Access Conference—to be held in Washington, DC, November 9–10—has been announced. Focusing on the impact of open access in research and scholarship, the event will explore how open, online access has the potential to transform the process of discovery and the translation of knowledge into benefits to society, as well as to enhance public engagement and create new opportunities for scholarship and business. Pre-conference meetings are planned for November 8. For more details, see the Berlin 9 news release.

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SPARC Announces Expanded Open Access Meeting

SPARC will host its first North American meeting on open access in Kansas City, March 11-13, 2012. The first of its kind, the event will expand on the successful biennial SPARC Digital Repositories Meeting. Convened by the organization since 2004 and hosted in the UK, Europe, Japan, and North America, these meetings have played an integral part in advancing the potential of open online repositories to expand the dissemination of scholarship and transform scholarly communication. The SPARC Meeting regularly draws hundreds of participants from around the globe. For more information, see the SPARC news release.

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ARL Supports DREAM Act

On June 27, ARL wrote a letter to US Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL) in support of the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act. If passed, the DREAM Act would ensure access to higher education and military service for approximately 65,000 youth as well as provide a pathway towards citizenship for these individuals. The DREAM Act would establish a six-year conditional permanent residency status for students who meet certain requirements, including: they were brought to the US before the age of 16, they have been in the US for at least five years as of the enactment date, and they graduate from a US high school or obtain a GED credential. DREAM-eligible individuals may qualify for permanent residency after six years by completing at least two years of higher education or military service. ARL noted in its letter that “the DREAM Act would be an important and essential component in educating many of our future leaders and workers who will be critical to America’s future.” Download the letter from the ARL website. ARL also joined with 20 other higher education associations in a statement supporting the legislation.

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Faster FOIA Bill Supported by ARL, Passes US Senate Again

Although the US Senate passed the Faster FOIA bill in May, it was necessary to reintroduce and reconsider the bill because the US House of Representatives stripped out the FOIA provisions in the original bill and used the amended bill as the means to pass the debt-ceiling legislation. Faster FOIA calls for the establishment of a commission to: identify means to reduce delays in the processing of FOIA requests; determine why the government's use of FOIA exemptions increased during FY 2009; determine whether any disparities in the processing of responses to FOIA requestors have occurred based upon political considerations, ideological viewpoints, the identity of the requestors, affiliation with the media, or affiliation with advocacy groups; if disparities occurred, determine why they did; determine the extent to which political appointees have been involved in the FOIA process; and more. ARL has joined in letters in support of Faster FOIA legislation.

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ARL, Others Raise Concerns about Data-Retention Bill

ARL joined a broad coalition in voicing concerns about a provision before the US House of Representatives that creates a troubling new data-retention mandate for most Internet access providers. Despite bipartisan opposition to its data-retention mandate, the House Judiciary Committee has endorsed H.R. 1981, the Protecting Children from Internet Pornographers Act, which requires all commercial Internet access providers to retain ISP address information for all users for 12 months. While other parts of the bill target child predators specifically, the data trove that the bill would create could be used by government agents for nearly any purpose, not just child pornography investigations. The provision is especially troubling given that privacy protections for this kind of information are especially weak and outdated; government agents can typically access this information without a warrant. The stockpile of information could be a tempting target for hackers, as well. The bill seeks to exclude libraries and other non-profit access providers from its data-retention requirements, but would still jeopardize the privacy of users accessing library materials from off-site, e.g., from cable or DSL connections in their homes or at coffee shops. Download the coalition letter from the ACLU website. Read the full text of the bill and check its status on the website. Read more about the bill’s implications on the Center for Democracy and Technology blog.

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ARL Joins Filings in Key Copyright Cases at US Supreme Court

ARL joined two briefs in key copyright cases before the US Supreme Court: an amicus brief in Golan v. Holder and a petition for the court to hear the appeal in Vernor v. Autodesk.

As the March E-News reported, the Golan case is a challenge to the Uruguay Round Agreements Act, which restored copyright protection for foreign works that had previously been in the public domain in the US but were still protected in their home country. ARL joined with the American Library Association, the Association of College and Research Libraries, the University of Michigan Dean of Libraries, the Wikimedia Foundation, and the Internet Archive to support the challenger. The amicus brief, prepared by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, details the efforts of libraries to make public domain materials widely available, and argues that the US Constitution bars Congress from shrinking the public domain. Download the amicus brief from the Library Copyright Alliance (LCA) website.

The Vernor case involves the impact of software licensing on the well-established first-sale doctrine. The first-sale doctrine allows purchasers of copies of copyrighted works to lend, re-sell, and otherwise dispose of their copies without seeking permission from the rights holder. Many software products are sold with “licenses” that purport to override that legal doctrine, barring legal purchasers from re-selling the software. ARL joined several public interest and library groups in asking the Supreme Court to hear Timothy Vernor’s appeal and settle the question of whether these licenses can contradict first-sale rights. Download the brief in the Vernor case from the LCA website.

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Sparky Award Winners Announced, People’s Choice Contest Now Open

Watch this year's best student videos about the importance of open access—as judged by the Sparky Awards contest—and vote for your favorite in the People's Choice contest. Organized by SPARC, the fourth annual Sparky Awards called on students to articulate their support for open access in a two-minute video. The contest has been embraced by campuses all over the world and has inspired imaginative expressions of the potential of open access to foster creativity, innovation, and problem solving. For more information and to watch the videos and vote, see the SPARC news release.

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ARL Selects Diversity Scholars for 2011–2013

The ARL Committee on Diversity and Leadership has selected 13 MLIS students to participate in the 2011–2013 Initiative to Recruit a Diverse Workforce (IRDW) as ARL Diversity Scholars. The ARL IRDW offers numerous financial benefits as well as leadership development provided through the annual ARL Leadership Symposium, a formal mentor program, career placement assistance, and a research library visit hosted by the Purdue University Libraries. The program is funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) and by voluntary contributions from 52 ARL member libraries. This program reflects the commitment of ARL members to create a diverse academic and research library community that will better meet the challenges of changing demographics in higher education and the emphasis on global perspectives in the academy. For more information, including a list of the 2011–2013 ARL Diversity Scholars, see the ARL press release.

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RLLF Fellows Visit OCLC, Ohio State University

On July 26–27, OCLC hosted the 2011–2012 ARL Research Library Leadership Fellows (RLLF) at the company’s Dublin, Ohio, campus. The visit centered around discussions with senior members of the OCLC leadership team led by President Jay Jordan. Meeting participants explored key concerns of research libraries, including the future of print collections and their relationship to the growing investment in digital resources, funding for higher education and the need to secure major cost savings, and transition in the leadership of organizations important to research libraries. OCLC executives delivered presentations on selected major initiatives of the company—Web-scale Management Services, the MARC 583 print archive pilot, the Research Library Partnership—as well as the contributions of OCLC Research. The visit included tours of the OCLC Data Center, the OCLC Library, and the OCLC central facilities. A special feature of the visit was a side trip to Columbus that included a tour of the newly renovated Thompson Library of Ohio State University. For more information about the RLLF program, including a calendar of events, visit the RLLF website.

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ARL Annual Statistical Surveys Update

The status of the annual ARL statistical surveys is as follows:

  • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2010–2011: Final tables available on the ARL website; PDF of publication in production.
  • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2011–2012: Mailing posted on the ARL website and distributed electronically.
  • ARL Statistics, Academic Health Sciences Statistics, Academic Law Statistics 2009–2010: Data are currently being verified. The mailing is available on the ARL website. Please respond to our questions promptly.
  • ARL Supplementary Statistics 2009–2010: Data are currently being verified. The mailing is available on the ARL website.
  • All data are readily accessible via the “Analytics” tab and “Data Repository” link at (login required; your library’s primary ARL Statistics contact can approve your access to the system). New feature: The site now includes a Directory of contacts at ARL libraries who have access to the ARL Statistics system. This is useful if you have questions for specific institutions about the Statistics. We are enhancing the directory to include links to key institutional information, such as organizational charts.

The ARL Survey Coordinators and SPEC Liaisons met at the ALA Annual Conference in New Orleans on June 24. The discussion focused on the recent analysis of feedback and charting of future directions that the ARL Statistics and Assessment Committee undertook in its May meeting regarding the revision of the annual surveys. For more information about the annual surveys, contact Martha Kyrillidou.

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Ruling re First-Sale Doctrine Could Pose Problems for Libraries

A recent federal appeals court decision raises troubling issues for libraries, which rely in part on the "first-sale" doctrine to protect their lending activities. In John Wiley & Sons v. Supap Kirtsaeng, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that works manufactured outside the United States are not subject to the first-sale doctrine. First-sale allows lawful purchasers to re-sell or lend copyrighted works without the copyright holder’s permission.

The Kirtsaeng case involves a graduate student who imported foreign editions of textbooks for resale in the US. It is the first appellate decision to address first-sale since the Supreme Court’s gridlocked non-decision in Costco v. Omega. (Due to a 4-4 tie, the Supreme Court did not issue a binding opinion in Costco; for more on Costco, read Jonathan Band’s analysis.) The Second Circuit found Kirtsaeng had infringed copyright by reselling foreign editions of textbooks, accepting the basic holding of the Ninth Circuit’s Costco opinion.

The Second Circuit’s decision is more challenging for libraries than Costco v. Omega. In Costco, the Ninth Circuit created an exception to its interpretation, and ruled that the first-sale doctrine still applied to a foreign-manufactured copy if it was imported with the authority of the US copyright owner. Thus, if a library buys a foreign-printed book from an authorized dealer in the US, the first-sale doctrine applies to that book and the library can lend it. (The Library Copyright Alliance supported this exception as a fall-back position in Costco v. Omega.) Because of the Supreme Court’s non-decision in Costco, other courts remain free to arrive at their own interpretations of the doctrine.

Unfortunately, the Second Circuit rejected the Ninth Circuit’s exception. Accordingly, a library in the Second Circuit (which covers New York, Connecticut, and Vermont) that wants to lend foreign-manufactured copies must rely on fair use or the ambiguous exception in 17 USC 602(a)(2)(C) that allows a library to import five copies (except audiovisual works) for lending purposes, but doesn't specifically allow the library to actually lend those copies.

For more information, contact Brandon Butler.

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Judge Sets Sept. 15 Deadline For New Google Books Settlement; Opponent Raises Supreme Court Walmart Decision; Appeals Court Ruling Could Affect Settlement

At the July 19 status conference between parties to the Google Books litigation, Judge Denny Chin granted a final extension in hopes that Google and the rights-holder plaintiffs could devise a new settlement. Chin warned, however, that if they do not come to terms by September 15, the original litigation would have to resume. This was the second extension since the judge’s order in March rejecting an ambitious settlement proposal. That settlement would have granted Google broad rights to exploit scanned books without permission from some rights holders, and the judge rejected this “opt out” feature of the settlement. At the July 19 meeting, the parties told Judge Chin they have been negotiating a new settlement that would be “opt in,” i.e., that would require consent from rights holders. The shape of such a settlement is uncertain. Judge Chin warned the parties that a return to litigation of the original issue—whether Google's unauthorized scanning and indexing of library books to facilitate search and “snippet” display was a fair use—would likely involve a speedy trial based on purely legal issues.

Not long after the status conference, attorneys for some of the rights holders objecting to the settlement filed a new brief raising the recent Supreme Court decision favoring Walmart against a proposed class action lawsuit on behalf of all female employees. The Walmart decision is a bar on overly broad class actions. More information about this new argument is available on the ARL Policy Notes blog.

Finally, in the long-running Muchnick/Tasini class action copyright case involving freelancers and publishers, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued a decision on August 17 that could be both favorable and unfavorable to any Google Books settlement. On one hand, the court was not troubled by the settlement of future claims of infringement involving absent parties, a major objection in the Google case. On the other hand, the court insisted that a settlement couldn’t be valid without separate representation for each diverse subclass. In the Google case, that could mean starting negotiations over from scratch with new lawyers to represent orphan works, academic authors, and any other subgroup of rights holders that might have a unique interest in the outcome of the settlement. The Second Circuit is the court that would review Judge Chin’s decision on appeal, so these holdings are especially important. Law professor James Grimmelmann has suggested on his blog that this ruling effectively kills settlement talks, as the cost of starting over with new representatives is prohibitive.

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Higher Ed Presidents, Business Leaders Support Title VI International Programs

Eighty-six presidents of US higher education institutions wrote to appropriators in Congress in support of the US Department of Education’s international education and foreign language studies programs, HEA-Title VI and Fulbright-Hays. FY 2011 funding for these programs was cut by $50 million, or 40%. The presidents noted, “Our nation continues to face a dangerously short supply of Americans with in-depth knowledge of world regions and fluency in foreign languages and their cultures. We hope to work with you to ensure that Title VI and Fulbright-Hays funding for FY 2012 and beyond enhances, not stifles, our ability to address these issues by preparing the nation for 21st-century global challenges.” In addition, 105 business leaders wrote to House and Senate leadership in support of these programs. The business leaders requested that the programs be funded at the FY 2010 level of $125.881 million. Download both letters from the National Humanities Alliance website.

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US Budget & Appropriations Update for FY 2012

Following passage of the Budget Control Act—which allows President Obama to raise the debt ceiling and provides more than $2 trillion in deficit reduction over a decade—the US Congress left Washington, DC, for the August recess. Once Congress reconvenes after Labor Day, the focus will be on completing the remaining FY 2012 appropriations bills. The appropriations need to be done prior to the proposal by the 12-member bipartisan “Super Committee” that will recommend up to $1.5 trillion in savings. The Super Committee must finish their work by November 23. Congress then will consider the Super Committee’s proposal by December 23.

To date, the US House of Representatives has passed 6 of the 12 FY 2012 appropriations bills; the US Senate has passed 1 of 12. Given that the start of the FY 2012 fiscal year is October 1, it is anticipated that another Continuing Resolution will be needed to keep the government operating. Highlights of the FY 2012 appropriations are below.

In an August 17 memorandum, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Jacob J. Lew provided federal agencies and departments guidance on FY 2013 budget priorities. He stated: "In light of the tight limits on discretionary spending starting in 2012, your 2013 budget submission to OMB should provide options to support the President's commitment to cut waste and reorder priorities to achieve deficit reduction while investing in those areas critical to job creation and economic growth. Unless your agency has been given explicit direction otherwise by OMB, your overall agency request for 2013 should be at least 5 percent below your 2011 enacted discretionary appropriation. As discussed at the recent Cabinet meetings, your 2013 budget submission should also identify additional discretionary funding reductions that would bring your request to a level that is at least 10 percent below your 2011 enacted discretionary appropriation." Download the memorandum from the White House website.

Highlights of FY 2012 Appropriations

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

On June 23, the US House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations approved an FY 2012 appropriation of $360.97 million for NARA, which is $57.04 million less than FY 2011. This appropriation includes ongoing maintenance funding for the Electronic Records Archive (ERA). The committee also recommended $1 million for the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) grants program in FY 2012, a 90% reduction from FY 2011. In addition, Rep. Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) introduced H.R. 2531, the Stop Wasting Archive Grants Act of 2011, which would eliminate the NHPRC.

National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)

The US House of Representatives has yet to finish consideration of the NEH’s FY 2012 appropriations request. The Committee on Appropriations recommended $135 million for the NEH, down $19.69 million (12.7%) from FY 2011. Competitive grants funded through the NEH Core Programs—including Research, Education, Preservation & Access, Digital Humanities, Public Programs, and Challenge Grants—face an overall reduction of $14.5 million from the FY 2011 level. The House has yet to vote on a proposed additional reduction of $13.5 million as introduced by Rep. Paul Broun (R-GA). It is expected that the House will consider this funding bill following the August congressional recess.

Library of Congress, US Government Printing Office

On July 22, the US House of Representatives approved the FY 2012 Legislative Branch Appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Library of Congress and the US Government Printing Office. Overall, the legislation reduces congressional operations by 6%.

Library of Congress: The US House of Representatives approved $575.32 million for operating the Library of Congress for FY 2012, which is 8.5% below the FY 2011 level. The FY 2012 funding level assumes a reduced number of positions at the library.

US Government Printing Office (GPO): The US House of Representatives voted to reduce GPO's budget for FY 2012 by 20% to $108.1 million and to cut the Office of Superintendent of Documents by 16% to $33.5 million. In addition, funding would be eliminated for FDsys, the online long-term preservation and access system for electronic government information. Prior to the House vote, the Committee on Appropriations made a number of key recommendations concerning GPO’s future, its activities, and its programs: “The Committee has some concern about the future of the GPO as a viable printing operation for the Federal Government. The Committee believes that a study is needed to review the feasibility of Executive Branch printing being performed by the General Services Administration, the transfer of the Superintendent of Documents program to the Library of Congress, and the privatization of the GPO. Therefore, the Committee directs the Government Accountability Office to conduct a study on these three options and report its findings to the Committee on Appropriations of the House and Senate no later than January 31, 2012.”

For more information about appropriations, contact Prue Adler.

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NEH Awards $40 Million for 249 Humanities Projects

The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced $40 million in grants for 249 humanities projects, including the following grants to ARL libraries:

Arizona State, Columbia, Minnesota
Amount: $2,500 each
Project: Manifold Greatness: The Creation and Afterlife of the King James Bible

Amount: $38,476
Project: A Workshop on Knowledge Organization and Data Modeling in the Humanities

Amount: $249,974
Project: Taking TEI Further: Teaching and Publication

Amount: $50,000
Project: MOVER [a Multimodal Open-Source Variorum eBook Reader]

Amount: $141,028
Project: Recipe for America: New York, Immigration, and American Identity through Culinary Culture

For more details, see the NEH press release.

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U of Connecticut Uses ARL 2030 Scenarios

The Library Research Services program area of the University of Connecticut Libraries held a retreat on June 22 to learn more about the ARL 2030 Scenarios and to incorporate them into developing multiple, general and discipline-specific strategies that could be used by faculty liaisons during the upcoming academic year and beyond. The Library Research Services program area is primarily responsible for liaison work with faculty and students across the Storrs–based academic departments. Organized by Francine DeFranco, Director for Library Research Services, and facilitated by Dan O’Mahony, Director of Library Planning and Assessment at Brown University, retreat participants engaged in discussions and activities to identify strategies of interest to faculty across all subject areas as well as those of interest to specific faculty or academic areas. Next steps include developing an implementation plan to address each strategy. DeFranco reports, “The day’s work helped the area members think about new ways to develop relationships with faculty related to their research and teaching.” To learn more about the ARL 2030 Scenarios project, visit the project website or contact Sue Baughman.

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KU Establishes First Coalition of Institutions Practicing Open Access

The University of Kansas (KU) has formed the new Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI) in partnership with 21 other North American universities and colleges with established faculty open access policies, including 9 other ARL member institutions. COAPI will collaborate and share implementation strategies and advocate on a national level for institutions with open access policies. The coalition’s next steps will include a pre-conference meeting at the Berlin 9 Open Access Conference in November in Washington, DC. For more information, see the KU news release.

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Research Libraries Rethinking Big Deals

Two recent articles in the higher education literature provide background on actions by research libraries to re-evaluate the utility of the “big deal.” On July 17, Jennifer Howard reported in the Chronicle of Higher Education on the experiences of Southern Illinois University at Carbondale in scaling back multiyear licensing agreements and the University of Oregon in renegotiating smaller deals. The Chronicle article is available online to subscribers.

In a separate but related development, Research Libraries UK (RLUK) has created a journal subscription analysis tool to assess the value-for-money of journal packages. The tool may be used to determine whether moving back to title-by-title purchasing would save money. For more information, see the RLUK press release.

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2CUL Partnership Extends Borrowing Privileges to Both Schools

A new borrowing program between Cornell and Columbia allows library users at both schools to take out materials from both libraries—meaning that a Cornell student or Cornell faculty or staff member spending time in New York City can register for a library card at Columbia and check out books, and vice versa for Columbia students, faculty, and staff spending time at Cornell’s Ithaca campus. The reciprocal arrangement is the first program of its kind between Ivy League institutions. For more information, see the Cornell news release.

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HathiTrust to Provide Access to Orphan Works

The HathiTrust has announced that it will be reviewing the scans in its digital corpus to determine which are “orphans”—i.e., works whose copyright holder cannot be identified or contacted after a diligent search—and it will make those works available under fair use to qualified researchers at participating partner institutions. Early participants include the University of Michigan, University of Florida, University of Wisconsin, and University of Illinois, and that roster is expected to grow over time. Investigators are conducting trial searches, and works determined preliminarily to be orphans are then posted on a public website of orphan works candidates where owners can step forward to claim them. Initially, works will not be made available until they have been on the public list for 90 days. For more details, see the University of Michigan Library news release.

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IU Data To Insight Center, HathiTrust, U Michigan to Investigate Non-Consumptive Research

Indiana University's Data To Insight Center (D2I)—partnering with the HathiTrust Research Center and the University of Michigan's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science—will lead the first investigation of non-consumptive research for a major mass-digitized collection of content. The project is funded by a $600,000 grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Non-consumptive research involves computational analysis of one or more books without the researcher having the ability to reassemble the collection. Rather than reading the material, researchers use specialized algorithms to analyze text as a massive data set and the Sloan grant will help ensure that the work can be conducted in a secure environment. The HathiTrust repository contains almost 8.6 million digitized volumes, 2.2 million (26%) of which are in the public domain and currently available for non-consumptive research. For more details, see the Indiana University news release.

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PLoS ONE Named SPARC Innovator

The Public Library of Science's PLoS ONE has been named the June 2011 SPARC Innovator for blazing a new trail in open access journals, inspiring broader change in scholarly publishing, and thriving along the way. Launched in 2006, PLoS ONE is an interdisciplinary journal and groundbreaking new model in which editors and reviewers do not assess the potential importance of the work submitted before publication. Instead, if the research is found solid, the author pays a flat fee and up it goes on the web. The innovative new model has led to tremendous success for PLoS ONE, from both publishing and financial perspectives. In 2010, PLoS ONE published 6,800 articles—compared to 1,200 in 2007—and became self-sustaining. For more details, see the SPARC news release.

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EIFL Open Access Program Wins SPARC Europe Award

SPARC Europe has awarded its 2011 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Scholarly Communications to the EIFL Open Access Program for awareness, advocacy, and capacity-building activities carried out over the last three years and for success in developing a large number of repositories and open access journals in EIFL–partner countries. EIFL is an international not-for-profit organization enabling access to knowledge for education, learning, research, and sustainable community development in more than 45 transition and developing countries, including 17 countries in Europe as well as Africa and Asia. For more details, see the SPARC Europe news release.

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Digital Curation for Preservation Webcast Q&A Now Online

ARL supported its recent publication, New Roles for Research Libraries: Digital Curation for Preservation, with a webcast this spring. The report authors Tyler Walters and Katherine Skinner, along with webcast panelists Jeremy York and Oya Rieger, have written responses to questions asked during the webcast. The wide-ranging questions and answers provide a deeper understanding of digital curation issues. Download the Q&A from the ARL website.

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ARL Profiles: Research Libraries 2010—Final Report, Complete Analysis Now Online

ARL has captured the essence of the research library with the publication of ARL Profiles: Research Libraries 2010, a report that includes a thorough analysis of narrative descriptions of research libraries in the early 21st century. The profile analysis engaged qualitative methods that complement the annual quantitative ARL Statistics. The contextual information provided in this report documents the importance of the public good research libraries provide in an increasingly globalized environment. For more information and to download or order the report, see the ARL press release.

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ARL Library Assessment Forum Features Lib-Value, NCSU, Library Assessment Conference

The ARL Library Assessment Forum at the ALA Annual Conference in June highlighted three topics for a standing-room-only crowd. The opening presenters—Don King (Bryant U and U of Tennessee), Bruce Kingma (Syracuse U), Ken Wise (U of Tennessee)—provided the latest findings from the Lib-Value research. Joyce Chapman (North Carolina State U), presented a visual representation of NCSU’s open-source tablet application for staff to use in assessing how patrons are using library services and spaces. Jim Self (U of Virginia) closed the session with material he prepared with Steve Hiller (U of Washington) on the planning of the next Library Assessment Conference, to be held in Charlottesville, October 29–31, 2012. View slides from the presentations on the Library Assessment blog.

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Library User Experience, SPEC Kit 322, Published by ARL

This SPEC Kit explores recent and planned user-experience activities at ARL libraries and the impact these efforts have on helping libraries transform to meet evolving user needs. The survey elicited examples of successful activities to serve as benchmarks for libraries looking to create or expand efforts in this area. The publication also explores whether libraries have created positions or entire departments focused on user engagement and the user experience. Download the table of contents and executive summary from the ARL website. For more details and to order this SPEC Kit, see the ARL press release.

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Socializing New Hires, SPEC Kit 323, Published by ARL

This SPEC Kit investigates the progress made in ARL member organizations to establish or enhance socialization programs and activities for all newly hired, paid employees. The publication explores such activities as orientation programs, mentoring, residency appointments, and staff development sessions directed at organizational acculturation. Download the table of contents and executive summary from the ARL website. For more details and to order this SPEC Kit, see the [ARL press release]( spec323-10august11.shtml).

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SPARC Open Access Newsletter Looks Back

Peter Suber reflects upon open access news from five and ten years ago in the August issue of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter (SOAN). Suber also provides a roundup of current news and upcoming events. Read the August issue of SOAN.

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Open Access and Copyright Law: Not Mutually Exclusive

In the July issue of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter (SOAN), Peter Suber dispels the misguided assumption that open access (OA) must violate copyright law. He clarifies methods that OA publishers and repositories can use to avoid copyright problems. Read the July issue of SOAN.

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Student Coalition Releases Open Access Flyer for Peer Advocacy

Download the new open access flyer from the Right to Research Coalition (R2RC) of students. Ready to be posted around campus or used as a handout, this eye-catching flyer will attract students' attention and raise awareness of open access. For a list of suggested uses and to download the flyer, visit the R2RC website.

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Lynch Presents Keynote at OCLC Symposium on Digital Resources

At the ALA Annual Conference this summer, OCLC hosted a symposium, “The Infinite Collection: Resources in the Digital Age,” at which CNI Executive Director Clifford Lynch presented the keynote address. The event explored the current and future boundaries of libraries’ collections, and how libraries will manage collections that are increasingly infinite. Brian E. C. Schottlaender, University Librarian at the University of California, San Diego, moderated the symposium. The two panelists were Rick Anderson, Associate Director for Scholarly Resources and Collections at the University of Utah Library, and Bobbi Newman, Co-Founder of the Libraries and Transliteracy Project. Watch video of the symposium on the OCLC website.

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CCIA Finds Economic Value of Fair Use Is Robust

The Computer and Communications Industry Association (CCIA) has released the latest iteration of its study on the economic contribution of industries that rely on fair use, and the results are remarkable. Using publicly available information and a methodology endorsed by the World Intellectual Property Organization (and relied upon by members of the content industry to tout the value of their own sector), the CCIA study shows that fair use creates even more economic value than the copyright privilege to which it is an exception. Industries that rely on fair use have been robust in the face of economic downturn. Total payrolls for these industries grew from $895 billion in 2002 to an average of $1.2 trillion in 2008 and 2009. More information, including a PDF of the full report, is available on the CCIA website.

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OCLC Releases Report on Research Support Services

OCLC has published a report that synthesizes the results of two parallel studies of research support services in US and UK universities. The studies were undertaken by OCLC Research and the UK's Research Information Network last year. The report, Supporting Research: Environments, Administration, and Libraries, highlights the following findings:

  • Universities face a diversity of needs and transnational challenges as they adjust to manage their researchers' outputs.
  • Libraries in recent years have been struggling to make a positive impact on the scholarly work of researchers with relatively little effect.
  • Many institutionally provided research support services are not appreciated by researchers in universities, who consider them marginal at best and burdensome at worst.
  • Although the contribution of libraries to preserving the scholarly archive is not certain, we cannot abandon the attempt to reach a shared understanding internationally.
  • A shared view of a scholarly archive for the digital age is needed to further develop capabilities and realize value.

Download the report from the OCLC website.

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IPEDS Tutorials Available Online

The Association of Institutional Research has developed online tutorials about the Integrated Post-secondary Education Data System (IPEDS) data tools. The tutorials specifically address the IPEDS online Data Center, the College Navigator, and the Executive Peer Tool (ExPT). The biennial Academic Libraries Survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics is being considered for integration into the IPEDS system of surveys; more information on the integration process will be available in the coming months.

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Call to Action: Sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access

Berlin 9

University and college presidents, chancellors, and provosts, as well as the directors of museums, archives, and non-profit organizations, are encouraged to sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access before the Berlin 9 Conference convenes on November 9, 2011. Over 300 leading international research, scientific, and cultural institutions from around the world have signed the declaration. However, the number of signatures from US and Canadian institutions remains quite small. In anticipation of the conference, please join us in recruiting signatures to the declaration from the leaders of your institutions and of the organizations to which you belong. For more details, see the Berlin 9 Call to Action.

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ClimateQUAL® 2012 Registration Open

ARL invites participation in ClimateQUAL® 2012. The ClimateQUAL®: Organizational Climate and Diversity Assessment project centerpiece is an online survey of staff perceptions of (a) the organization’s commitment to the principles of diversity, (b) organizational policies and procedures, and (c) staff attitudes. The survey addresses such issues as diversity, teamwork, learning, fairness, current managerial practices, and staff attitudes and beliefs. ARL, in partnership with the University of Maryland Industrial/Organizational Psychology (I/OP) Program, offers this protocol to the library community. The project is currently seeking eight to ten additional US, Canadian, and UK institutions to participate in 2012. Please note that participants need to survey at least 50 part-time or full-time employees, possibly including student workers. For more information or to express interest in participating in spring 2012, send an e-mail to

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Service Quality Evaluation Academy Accepting Nominations for 2012

Improve your quantitative and qualitative analysis skills at the Service Quality Evaluation Academy, to be held March 12–16, 2012, in New Orleans. The 2012 academy, sponsored by ARL and the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL), is accepting participant nominations. The academy is an intensive five-day program that focuses on both quantitative and qualitative analysis of library service quality data. The academy also provides participants with the opportunity to share service quality assessment plans, strategies, and experiences. The program emphasizes basic concepts and skills in measurement and data analysis that are applicable to service quality evaluations. Time is also spent on relevant software skills, including the use of ATLAS.ti to analyze the content of interviews or responses to open-ended surveys and the use of SPSS for quantitative data analysis. Nominations/applications are due December 16, 2011. For more details, see the Service Quality Evaluation Academy website.

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LibQUAL+® 2012 Registration Open

Register now for LibQUAL+® 2012, with an improved website, the customizing feature LibQUAL+® Lite, and a new fee structure. Past participants may register at If your institution participated in 2011, your fee will be only $2,200. If your institution most recently participated in 2010, your fee will be only $2,700. For all others, the standard base fee of $3,200 applies. The fee also covers access to all the results from all the institutions for the year you participate. To access survey results from years in which you do not implement the survey, a $1,000 annual membership subscription fee is available.

New participants may set up a new account for registration by sending e-mail to With registration, you will receive access to a rich array of assessment resources, free training, and timely delivery of your survey results.

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LibQUAL+® In-Kind Grants Available

LibQUAL+® will award up to five institutions in-kind grants to participate in the 2012 LibQUAL+® survey, with a goal of offering one grant for every 50 libraries registered. This will be the seventh year LibQUAL+® has sponsored an in-kind grant program. Applications for the 2012 grant program are due December 16, 2011.

Selection of grant recipients will be based on financial need, contribution to the growth of LibQUAL+®, and improvements in local service and quality. For more information, see the LibQUAL+® news release.

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Call for Proposals: Joint Conference of Librarians of Color 2012

Presentation proposals are invited for the second national Joint Conference of Librarians of Color (JCLC), which will convene September 19–23, 2012, in Kansas City, Missouri. The 2012 conference theme is "Gathering at the Waters: Celebrating Stories and Embracing Communities." The mission of JCLC is to advance the issues affecting librarians of color within the profession and to explore how best to serve the incredibly diverse and changing communities that use libraries. JCLC deepens connections across constituencies, creates spaces for dialogue, promotes the telling and celebrating of one’s stories, and encourages the transformation of libraries into more democratic and diverse organizations. Proposals must be submitted by midnight PST on September 15, 2011, via the JCLC website.

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ARL Transitions

Buffalo (SUNY): H. Austin Booth was named Vice Provost for University Libraries, effective August 5, 2011. She served as Interim Associate Vice President for University Libraries since June 1, 2010. For more details, see the University at Buffalo news release.

Cincinnati: Victoria Montavon has announced her decision to step down as Dean and University Librarian in August 2012, when she will return to the library faculty.

Queen’s: Martha Whitehead was appointed University Librarian, effective July 1, 2011. She served as Interim University Librarian since July 2010. For more information, see the Queen’s University news release.

Rochester: Mike Bell, Assistant Dean for Information Technology & Finance, and Katie Clark, Associate Dean for Public Services & Collection Development, were appointed Interim Co-Deans of River Campus Libraries, effective July 1, 2011. Katie Clark is the ARL member representative for Rochester. For more details, see the University of Rochester news release.

Temple: Carol Lang, Assistant University Librarian for Organizational Development and Planning, was named Interim Dean of Libraries, effective August 1, 2011.

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ARL Staff Transitions

Charles B. Lowry, ARL Executive Director, announced his decision to retire at the end of December 2012. For more details, see the ARL press release.

Judy F. Ruttenberg has been appointed Program Director for Transforming Research Libraries (TRL), effective November 1, 2011. She is currently Program Officer for Collections at the Triangle Research Libraries Network (TRLN). For more details, see the ARL press release.

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Other Transitions

LYRASIS board: Two ARL member representatives—Jay Schafer (Massachusetts Amherst) and Julia Zimmerman (Florida State)—were elected to the LYRASIS Board of Trustees, effective July 1, 2011. For more details, see the LYRASIS press release.

OCLC: Jay Jordan, President and CEO, will retire on June 30, 2012. For more information, see the OCLC news release.

Portico: Kate Wittenberg has been appointed Managing Director, effective September 1. Eileen Fenton, the founding and current Managing Director of Portico, will continue in her role as ITHAKA’s Executive Vice President of Technology & Content Services. Kate was previously Project Director, Client and Partnership Development, ITHAKA. For more details, see the Portico news release.

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Joan Giesecke (Nebraska–Lincoln) received the 2011 ALA Equality Award at the ALA Annual Conference in New Orleans this summer. Giesecke was recognized for her commitment to principles of diversity and inclusion at the University of Nebraska and for her work, advocacy, mentorship, and leadership in this arena on a national level. For more information, see the ALA news release.

Joan Lippincott (CNI) received a Minerva Award from SUNY Geneseo during the summer reunion. The award recognizes alumni for outstanding achievements and excellence in librarianship. For more details, see the SUNY Geneseo news release.

Ingrid Parent (British Columbia) received an honorary doctorate from the University of Ottawa on June 11 as part of its 190th convocation. For more information, see the UBC news release.

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Charles B. Lowry
Executive Director

Kaylyn Groves
Communications Program Officer

Association of Research Libraries
21 Dupont Circle
Washington, DC 20036
voice: (202) 296-2296
fax: (202) 872-0884

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